When Software meets Hardware (or Physical Assets)

Software is eating the world and disrupting the business models of traditional industries. In this essay, we discuss why hardware (or physical assets) imposes constraints to the disruptive nature of software startups with the failure of sustainable unit economics.

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Examining the Super App Strategy in Southeast Asia

In this article, we examine the super app strategy adopted by the ride hailing companies in Southeast Asia. In the same spirit, we want to validate the strategy that are adopted by both Grab and Gojek in comparison to US and China and explain the challenges which these companies has to overcome so that the strategy can succeed. 

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Why Digital Transformations Fail Case Studies II – Digital Assets are not Free

In this article, I want to focus on a specific problem that is common with the mindsets of incumbent operators about digital assets. This mindset problem has a drastic effect on the P&L and how the failure to fund digital assets can be detrimental to digital transformation. Using a simple example of how a hypothetical traditional news media company often fail with digital transformation in that mindset.

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Why Digital Transformations Fail Case Studies 1 – How to Align and Build a Corporate Website

In this article, I want to specifically drill down to a concrete example about why digital transformation can succeed and fail. In the first case study, I want to explain why and how a corporate website can be easily built and offer a solution to what remains to be the most difficult digital transformation work in a company.

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Why Digital Transformations Fail II – Fighting the Immune System & DNA of the Incumbent

In the second of the “why digital transformations fail” series, I want to focus on explaining why the immune system of the company in the form of cultural and operational DNA pushes back the change effort and what the ways of mitigation that would or would not work.

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